Deori Community Website

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Social Life


The Deoris are divided into 24 numbers of exogamous clans:
Sundhariya, Patriya, Dupiya, Marangya, Chariya, Lagasuya, Chitigaya, Mehedaya, Kuliya, Ariya, Kumotaya, Bihiya, Khutiya/Buruk, Machiya, Birromiya, Paporiya, Fagimegera, Senaboriya, Chakuchara, Ekacharul/Busaru, Simocharu, Hizaru, Popharu and Gucharu.

The head priest and assistant are recruited from the Sundhariya (Boderiyo) and Patriyo clans respectively.
The job of the Dupiyao clan is to light the incense in the temple. Treasurers are recruited form the Khuttia clan who also open the door of the temple and purify the sinners by sprinkling sacred water over the heads. The members of the Hizaru clan hold the head of the animal at the time of sacrifice and clean the clothes of the foddess Tamreswari. The Lapharu clan keeps the records of the expenditure and the members of the Gucharu clan function as messengers. Ritual hierarchy is rigidly maintained among the clans.


Marriage: Four types of marriage ceremonies exist among the Deoris. Damachi, Sachi, Chorubasi and Dalibiah. This classification is based on the number of articled given as bride price. An auspicious day is fixed for the marriage, when the groom and his relatives and friends go to the bride’s house. On their arrival a person known as Deodai performs a ritual called Sujelongduraba to invoke divine favour for a happy conjugal life for the couple.

After this both the bride and groom offer Angujuma (a term of respect) to their parents and others. This is followed by food and drinks being serve to the guests. The guests along with the bride, return to the groom’s house on the same day. Next day a ceremony known as Pathuriapohaa is performed at the groom’s residence. From the third day onwards, the groom and bride began to live as husband and wife.

Marriage between the clans of the same division is prohibited. Adult marriage and monogamy is the rule. The mode of acquiring mates are Machidecha (negotiations), Jonengna (elopement) and Miloni or Hankia (Love).
Divorce is not permitted. Widows and widowers are allowed to remarry. While the bride price is on the verge of extinction among the Borgoniyas, a kind of dowry system is gradually coming into existence.

Status of Women: The women have no right to inheritance, no say in adjudication diputes and no significant role in religious and political activities. Theu are not allowed to enter the temple, but now they can perform dances in the temple compound during festivals.

The women work more than the men. In their leisure time, the women do spinning or weaving. Cooking food, collection of fuel and fodder, grazing, cattle, harvesting and carrying drinking water are their routine domestic duties. The preparation of rice beer  and weaving are the obligatory duties of the women.

Food and Drink: The Deoris are non-vegetarian and eat fish, chicken, pork, buffalo meat and all kinds of birds, but not beef. Rice is the staple food. They regularly drink Sujen (Local Beer). Tea or milk is rarely taken.

Death: the Deoris cremate the old among them in the Moriale (cremation ground), while a burial takes place in the jungle for unmarried boys, girls and pregnant women.




Facts of Deori

The Bor Deori is the most respected person in the village

Patorganya – undisclosed missing among Four Groups

Only the people of Dibongiya class can speak their own mother tongue

In 14th century A D. The Deoris were royal priests of The Chutiyas Kingdom

The Deoris are believed to have come to Sadiya before the first century

The Deori people believe in `Kundimama` which is the supreme power.

The Second Marriage in Deori Tribe is called "Suje Luguba"

The Deori Tribe of Assam came to India via Tibet and Burma

Each village of Deori people features a place of worship called ‘Deo-ghar'

The Deoris are divided into 24 clans.

The Deoris proudly introduce themselves as Jimo-Chhayan, meaning they are the children of the sun and the moon

Deori's use to make a Narbali (human sacrifice) in terms to win the war, battle and to prevent the villagers from the evil atmosphere like floods, drought etc. This practice make them pure owing to satisfy the supreme Goddess. Only the class of Patorganya people were eligible for sacrificing.

The Deoris women have no tradition to put sindur in their forehead as a mark of married women.

Deoris belonging to the Tengaponia sub clan do not take mutton or flesh of goat as it is forbidden according a legend clan.

The term "Deori" appears to be a later coinage derived from "Deva" which means a God.

Deori is a plain tribe of Assam, the worshipper of Kundimama (Kundi - Siva, Mama - Parvati)from ancient time maintaining their own custom and tradition.

According to 2001 census the total revenue villages of Deori in Assam are 133 and their population are 2,45,000.