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Brief History of Deori

Historical evidence of the Deori : in North East India the Deori’s are well civilized people with Khundism as their religion. They have own language to converse amongst themselves. The history says that the Deori language was the original language in the Chutaan kingdom before the reign of the Ahoms in Assam. They worshipped Khundimama a superior natural and unseen God.

The Deori are god faring peoples. In the older days Deori people are worshipped god by praying, singing, hymns and holy songs. Later sacrificing of a lot of animals on the temples was started by expert and experienced priest known as Boderi and Borali, they not only worship god, but also administered the kingdom. Therefore they built some important “Kundi Ku” (Temple) in their ancient city or nagar called “Khundi Nagar” now the ruins of these temples are in the District of Lower Dibang Valley, Lohit and Changlang of Arunachal Pradesh.

However the history says that the homeland of the Deoris is in the North Eastern sates of India or in east of undivided Assam.  According to the book “Mataks and their kingdom” written by S. Dutta. The Deori had their adobe on the bank of the river kundil which follows through the Chudiya (Chapakhowa) area and for this their Kingdom was known as Chutam in the North East region of Brahmaputra Valley.
According to the book “Siva Purana” by late Ahom king Rudra Singha narrates that the Deoris were living at Chaug-Chu-Kul, Chakati-Chaliya, Laibari, Lataubari, Kundil, Joidaam, Arem-Kerem and Mamaru-Pichala (Now in Arunachal Pradesh).

According to the book “Boroni Jaiminaw Swamasarnai” the Dimichiya Gonarajita whose capital was Kundil Nagar was ruled by the Deori tribes. They had an honorable and prestigious king called Patgauan or Tanugiria. The first king of Dimichiya Ganarajya was late Bisusing Borkoyo in 1500BC and the latest king was Bismoksing Borkoyo was most famous and well known for his brilliancy. These days the capital Kundil Nagar of Dimichiya Ganarajya was known as Bosmok Nagar for the strong Endeavour and enterprise of late king Bismok Sing.

It is described that in 1602AD from the main three sub cast of Deoris namely Jimochayan or Dibang-Diyongial, Midoyan or Tengapania and Luitugan or Borgoya took different temple like Midiya (Bolia Baba),  Luituwasi (Tamreswari), Midi Gira-Girasi (Burha-Burhi) and Daramji (Parsuram Kundha) had been serving the 4th sub cast called Patgayan or Tanugirian. These area now in Lower Dibang Valley, western Lohit and Northern Changlang and North East Tinsukia Dist. of Assam.

With effort of Late Bhimbor Deori, Lt. Williamson Sangma, Lt. Rupnath Brahma and Khanpai and leaders of few tribes pressed the Indian Govt. Amendments as schedule tribes. As because the Deoris are treated as S.T. in the Indian Constitution and Shri Joiram Deori was appointed as Gaon Burah of Mahadevpur Village (Naya- Dihing) on 1st May 1951 by Mr. L. Sharma, Political Officer, Mishmi Hill Sadiya Camp.



Facts of Deori

The Bor Deori is the most respected person in the village

Patorganya – undisclosed missing among Four Groups

Only the people of Dibongiya class can speak their own mother tongue

In 14th century A D. The Deoris were royal priests of The Chutiyas Kingdom

The Deoris are believed to have come to Sadiya before the first century

The Deori people believe in `Kundimama` which is the supreme power.

The Second Marriage in Deori Tribe is called "Suje Luguba"

The Deori Tribe of Assam came to India via Tibet and Burma

Each village of Deori people features a place of worship called ‘Deo-ghar'

The Deoris are divided into 24 clans.

The Deoris proudly introduce themselves as Jimo-Chhayan, meaning they are the children of the sun and the moon

Deori's use to make a Narbali (human sacrifice) in terms to win the war, battle and to prevent the villagers from the evil atmosphere like floods, drought etc. This practice make them pure owing to satisfy the supreme Goddess. Only the class of Patorganya people were eligible for sacrificing.

The Deoris women have no tradition to put sindur in their forehead as a mark of married women.

Deoris belonging to the Tengaponia sub clan do not take mutton or flesh of goat as it is forbidden according a legend clan.

The term "Deori" appears to be a later coinage derived from "Deva" which means a God.

Deori is a plain tribe of Assam, the worshipper of Kundimama (Kundi - Siva, Mama - Parvati)from ancient time maintaining their own custom and tradition.

According to 2001 census the total revenue villages of Deori in Assam are 133 and their population are 2,45,000.